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Horse Metatarsal - SKU014U

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Horse Metatarsal - SKU014U

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Pleistocene period 40000 years old Brown Bank, Rotterdam

The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is a hoofed (ungulate) mammal, a subspecies of one of seven extant species of the family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today.
The horse as it is known today adapted by evolution to survive in areas of wide-open terrain with sparse vegetation, surviving in an ecosystem where other large grazing animals, especially ruminants, could not.
Horses and other equids are odd-toed ungulates of the order Perissodactyla, a group of mammals that was dominant during the Tertiary period.
About 15,000 years ago Equus ferus was a widespread, holarctic species. This type of horse bone from the time period of the late Pleistocene, are found in Europe, Eurasia, Beringia, and North America. But by 10,000 years ago, the horse became extinct in North America and rare elsewhere. This particular bone was found in Brown Bank, Rotterdam.
The reasons for this extinction are not fully known, but one theory notes that extinction was contemporary with human arrival. Another theory points to climate change, noting that approximately 12,500 years ago, the grasses characteristic of a steppe ecosystem gave way to shrub tundra, which was covered with unpalatable plants.

This bone is genuine and has no restoration.



WeightDepthWidthLength
0.095kg 3cm 8cm 4cm